The 5 most impressive planetariums in the world

Tue, 07/20/2021 - 12:36
The 5 most impressive planetariums in the world

The 5 most impressive planetariums in the world

The oldest planetarium in the world

This is the planetarium of the German Museum in Munich with a capacity of 180 visitors.

The oldest planetarium in the world was opened in Munich on May 7, 1925, on the territory of the German Museum, as the diameter of the dome reaching almost 15 meters. The idea of opening belongs to the founder of the museum Oscar Von Muller. Planetarium allowed to reveal view of the entire starry sky except for a small portion near the South Pole - it was occupied by mounted projector. Turning around the polar axis, the projector demonstrated the 24-hour rotation of the celestial bodies.

Each year, the German Museum's Planetarium receives over 8.5 million visitors.

The largest planetarium in the world

Its name is Nagoya City Science Museum and is located in the Japanese city of Nagoya. The planetarium has 350 seats. The diameter of his dome is 35 meters.

The Nagoya City Science Museum was opened in November 1962. By 2010, the facility received 15 million people, and was shut down for major reconstruction. The renewed planetarium opens in March 2011 and can now boast of having the Starball Zeiss Universarium Model IX innovative projector.

In December 2011, the Nagoya City Science Museum was recognized as the largest planetarium in the world and recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.

The most visited planetarium in the world

Apart from being the most visited, the Hayden Planetarium in New York can be considered as the most spectacular in the world. It has 429 seats and the height of its dome reaches 11.5 meters.

The Hayden Planetarium was opened in 1935 and is part of the Earth and Space Learning Center at the American Museum of Natural History. The planetarium uses powerful computer systems to create an exclusive virtual digital universe. To that end, Hayden relies on real astronomical data and computer models of the Galaxy provided to him by NASA and the European Space Agency. According to experts, the supercomputer used in the planetarium is one of the most powerful in the world.

In 2009, Hayden shows 25-minute space show "Journey to the Stars", voiced by actress Whoopi Goldberg. It is recognized as the most amazing space show ever created in history.

The most interactive planetarium in the world

Science fiction is becoming a reality in the Carl Zeiss Planetarium in the German city of Stuttgart. The planetarium has 227 seats, the diameter of the dome is 20 meters.

The facility was built in 1938, but during the war it was completely destroyed and restored only in 1977. The planetarium deserves the title "the most interactive in the world" because it has the Zeiss Universarium IX projector. Thanks to it, the night sky is shown in the way astronauts see it as they leave the boundaries of the earth's atmosphere. Other electronic, projection and laser equipment, television transmitters, stereo-phonic acoustics, etc. are also used for space performances.

Carl Zeiss Planetarium is visited annually by 200,000 guests.

The most hospitable planetarium in the world

This title of the China Science and Technology Museum, located in the Chinese capital of Beijing, is not accidental - it has 442 seats. The diameter of his dome is 30 meters.

The planetarium is located in the Natural Science Museum in Beijing. It was built in 1957 and has a total area of 5000 square meters.

The Beijing Planetarium is the world's first cosmic theater that uses Omnimax laser and projection systems. China Science and Technology Museum has the SGI image processing program. With its help, the planetarium allows visitors to observe stars and planets in real-time high definition. The projector Carl Zeiss Universarium M-IX allows to be examined 9,000 stars.

China Science and Technology Museum has a 3D theater. The seats in it are able to imitate flight through the space, including the feeling of free fall.